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Current Pharmaceutical Design

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1381-6128
ISSN (Online): 1873-4286

Review Article

Chemistry and Therapeutic Aspect of Triazole: Insight into the Structure-activity Relationship

Author(s): Shikha Sharma*, Nitin Mittal and Bimal Krishna Banik

Volume 29, Issue 34, 2023

Published on: 01 November, 2023

Page: [2702 - 2720] Pages: 19

DOI: 10.2174/0113816128271288231023045049

Price: $65

Abstract

The triazole ring is a highly significant heterocycle that occurs naturally in many commodities and is a common feature in pharmaceuticals. Recently, heterocyclic compounds and their derivatives have been getting a lot of attention in medicinal chemistry because they have a lot of pharmacological and biological potential. For example, a lot of drugs have nitrogen-containing heterocyclic moieties. The triazole ring is often used as a bio-isostere of the oxadiazole nucleus. The oxygen atom in the oxadiazole nucleus is replaced by nitrogen in the triazole analogue. This article explores the pharmacological properties of the triazole moiety, including but not limited to antibacterial, analgesic, anticonvulsant, anthelmintic, anti-inflammatory, antitubercular, antimalarial, antioxidant, antiviral, and other properties. Additionally, we discuss the diverse multi- target pharmacological activities exhibited by triazole-based compounds. Based on a literature review, it is evident that triazole-based chemicals hold significant potential for various applications.

Keywords: Analgesic, anti-inflammatory, anthelmintic, triazole, antimicrobial, SAR.

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