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Current Nutrition & Food Science

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1573-4013
ISSN (Online): 2212-3881

Systematic Review Article

Probiotics: Therapeutic Strategy on the Prevention and Treatment of Inflammatory Diseases: Obesity, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Celiac Disease

Author(s): Elisa dos Santos Pereira*, Chirle de Oliveira Raphaelli, Khadija Bezerra Massaut, Jardel Araújo Ribeiro, Helena Reissig Soares Vitola, Simone Pieniz and Ângela Maria Fiorentini

Volume 20, Issue 9, 2024

Published on: 25 October, 2023

Page: [1112 - 1125] Pages: 14

DOI: 10.2174/0115734013252358231016181809

Price: $65

Abstract

Background: Recent evidence demonstrates the fundamental role of the gut microbiota in inflammatory diseases, and several mechanisms of action of probiotics in improvement of inflammatory parameters.

Objectives: The objective of this review was to relate the consumption of probiotic bacteria and its effects on inflammatory diseases, including obesity, type II diabetes and celiac disease.

Methods: A search was carried out in English, between the years 2011 and 2022, for research articles and clinical trials with humans and in vivo studies. Research showed improvement in cardiovascular risk markers, and improvement in insulin sensitivity, lipid profile and plasma atherogenic index, in obesity with the use of probiotics. In type II diabetes, decreased levels of fasting glucose, glycated hemoglobin, insulin and glycemic index, and increased levels of peptide 1, superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase were observed.

Results: In addition to cellular protection of the islets of Langerhans and positive alteration of TNF- α and IL-1β markers. Improvement in the condition of patients with celiac disease was observed, since the neutralization of the imbalance in serotonin levels was observed, reducing the expression of genes of interest and also, a decrease in cytokines.

Conclusion: Therefore, the use of probiotics should be encouraged.

Keywords: Gut microbiota, inflammatory processes, gut dysbiosis, probiotic supplementation, lipid profile, islets of langerhans.

Graphical Abstract

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