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Current Neuropharmacology


ISSN (Print): 1570-159X
ISSN (Online): 1875-6190

Review Article

Emerging Promise of Therapeutic Approaches Targeting Mitochondria in Neurodegenerative Disorders

Author(s): Md. Mominur Rahman, Mst. Afroza Alam Tumpa, Md. Saidur Rahaman, Fahadul Islam, Popy Rani Sutradhar, Muniruddin Ahmed, Badrah S. Alghamdi, Abdul Hafeez, Athanasios Alexiou*, Asma Perveen and Ghulam Md. Ashraf*

Volume 21, Issue 5, 2023

Published on: 16 March, 2023

Page: [1081 - 1099] Pages: 19

DOI: 10.2174/1570159X21666230316150559

Price: $65


Mitochondria are critical for homeostasis and metabolism in all cellular eukaryotes. Brain mitochondria are the primary source of fuel that supports many brain functions, including intracellular energy supply, cellular calcium regulation, regulation of limited cellular oxidative capacity, and control of cell death. Much evidence suggests that mitochondria play a central role in neurodegenerative disorders (NDDs) such as Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, Huntington’s disease, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Ongoing studies of NDDs have revealed that mitochondrial pathology is mainly found in inherited or irregular NDDs and is thought to be associated with the pathophysiological cycle of these disorders. Typical mitochondrial disturbances in NDDs include increased free radical production, decreased ATP synthesis, alterations in mitochondrial permeability, and mitochondrial DNA damage. The main objective of this review is to highlight the basic mitochondrial problems that occur in NDDs and discuss the use mitochondrial drugs, especially mitochondrial antioxidants, mitochondrial permeability transition blockade, and mitochondrial gene therapy, for the treatment and control of NDDs.

Keywords: Mitochondria, neurodegenerative disorders, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, antioxidants, gene therapy.

Graphical Abstract
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