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Recent Advances in Drug Delivery and Formulation


ISSN (Print): 2667-3878
ISSN (Online): 2667-3886

Review Article

An Overview of Recent Patents and Future Perspective Based on Cyclodextrin Complexation

Author(s): Ritu Kaushik, Ravinder Verma, Vikas Budhwar and Deepak Kaushik*

Volume 17, Issue 1, 2023

Published on: 07 February, 2023

Page: [31 - 46] Pages: 16

DOI: 10.2174/2667387817666230123114114

Price: $65


The majority of drugs taken orally have limited aqueous solubility and dissolution rate. Cyclodextrin (CD) and its derivatives are used as pharmaceutical adjuvants, contributing to the development of safe and high bioavailability formulations. CDs have a unique structure with a variety of physicochemical features that aid pharmaceutical scientists in solving drug delivery issues for poorly water-soluble drugs (PWS). This article covers information about cyclodextrin and its various derivatives, its different manufacturing process, physicochemical properties, advantages, and recent advancements. There are various advantages of CD-based inclusion complexes, such as enhancement of solubility, bioavailability, and stability and reduction of irritation caused by the drug. Moreover, they are used as odor and taste enhancers and also prevent incompatibility by physically isolating the incompatible drug components in drug formulation. CD and its derivatives are extensively employed as solubilizers in the manufacturing of parenteral and oral dosage forms. Inclusion complexes formed by CDs with appropriately sized guest molecules improve drug water solubility, physical-chemical stability, and bioavailability. Simultaneously CDs prevent the drugs from degradation like oxidation, hydrolysis, and photodegradation and extend the shelf life of the drug. The manuscript also highlights patents and exclusive branded formulations of modified CDs. It also discusses the different examples of chemically modified CDs, i.e., captisol, sulfobutyl ether-β-CD, hydroxy propyl betadex, randomly methylated β-CD, methyl β-CD, and hydoxy propyl γ-CD, all are used in the various dosage forms.

Keywords: CD, inclusion complexes, patented technologies, captisol, modified CD, advantage of α-CD, β-CD, γ -CD.

Graphical Abstract
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