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Current Neuropharmacology

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1570-159X
ISSN (Online): 1875-6190

General Review Article

Implication of Hippocampal Neurogenesis in Autism Spectrum Disorder: Pathogenesis and Therapeutic Implications

Author(s): Chuanqi Liu, Jiayin Liu, Hong Gong, Tianyao Liu, Xin Li* and Xiaotang Fan*

Volume 21, Issue 11, 2023

Published on: 13 January, 2023

Page: [2266 - 2282] Pages: 17

DOI: 10.2174/1570159X21666221220155455

Price: $65

Abstract

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a cluster of heterogeneous neurodevelopmental conditions with atypical social communication and repetitive sensory-motor behaviors. The formation of new neurons from neural precursors in the hippocampus has been unequivocally demonstrated in the dentate gyrus of rodents and non-human primates. Accumulating evidence sheds light on how the deficits in the hippocampal neurogenesis may underlie some of the abnormal behavioral phenotypes in ASD. In this review, we describe the current evidence concerning pre-clinical and clinical studies supporting the significant role of hippocampal neurogenesis in ASD pathogenesis, discuss the possibility of improving hippocampal neurogenesis as a new strategy for treating ASD, and highlight the prospect of emerging pro‐neurogenic therapies for ASD.

Keywords: Autism, hippocampus, dentate gyrus, neurogenesis, stem cell, neurodevelopment.

Graphical Abstract
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