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Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1871-5257
ISSN (Online): 1875-6182

Cutaneous Neurovascular Interaction Involved in Tactile Sensation

Author(s): B. Fromy, D. Sigaudo-Roussel and J. L. Saumet

Volume 6, Issue 4, 2008

Page: [337 - 342] Pages: 6

DOI: 10.2174/187152508785909438

Price: $65

Abstract

The sense of touch is one of the most vital; still, it is incompletely understood. We review the afferent function that allows for the relay of sensory information from the periphery (the skin) to the central nervous system. Within this afferent function, we examine the different integrating levels including several candidates for cutaneous transducers, the conduction of the information via the afferent nervous fibres and the transmission of the sensory stimuli to higher brain structures, resulting in the perception of the different senses. We then examine the efferent system that stimulates the skin by secreting neurotransmitters. Finally, we discuss the tools available to study the cutaneous neurovascular interaction and conclude on a novel test that assesses this interaction triggered by the application of a local non noxious pressure (tactile stimulation).

Keywords: Skin, sensory fibres, microcirculation, touch, receptors, ion channels, mechanosensitivity


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