Mini-Review Article

MicroRNAs as a New Target for Alzheimer's Disease Treatment

Author(s): Behrouz Shademan*, Cigir Biray Avci, Vahidreza Karamad, Fatma Sogutlu and Alireza Nourazarian

Volume 12, Issue 1, 2023

Published on: 18 November, 2022

Page: [3 - 12] Pages: 10

DOI: 10.2174/2211536611666220928154015

Price: $65


Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common progressive neurodegenerative disease associated with advanced age. It is characterized by cognitive decline and memory loss and accounts for most cases of dementia in older people. AD can be rooted in genetic, epigenetic, or environmental causes. No drugs or other therapeutic agents prevent or delay AD progression. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short and uncoded RNAs that can bind to 200 RNAs approximately. By inhibiting or destroying specific messenger RNAs (mRNAs), they control gene expression and broadly affect cellular functions. MiRNAs play important roles in regulating neuronal growth, neuronal differentiation, dendritic spine morphology, and synaptic flexibility in the nervous system. The expression levels of miRNAs are changed in neurological diseases, including AD, suggesting that they play an essential role in the pathogenesis of the disease. Therefore, targeting disrupted miRNAs may be a novel therapeutic approach against AD and offers multiple solutions, including harnessing the beneficial effects of beta-amyloid, reducing tau protein, reducing neuronal cell death, and protecting synapses in AD.

Keywords: MicroRNA, Alzheimer's disease, tau protein, Neurodegenerative disease, Huntington's disease, Parkinson’s disease.

Graphical Abstract
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