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Current Medicinal Chemistry


ISSN (Print): 0929-8673
ISSN (Online): 1875-533X

Review Article

Bringing the Spotlight to Tau and TDP-43 in Frontotemporal Dementia: A Review of Promising Chemical Compounds

Author(s): Karla Villalobos-Nova, Sebastián Monroy-Moya, Joaquín Maulen-Peñaloza, Gabriela C.M. Pinto and Alberto Cornejo*

Volume 29, Issue 38, 2022

Published on: 15 August, 2022

Page: [5903 - 5924] Pages: 22

DOI: 10.2174/0929867329666220508175340

Price: $65


There is a wide variety of neurodegenerative diseases, among which frontotemporal dementia stands out. These are the second most frequent cause of dementia in the world and demand the search for an effective treatment. This disease is linked to the abnormal behavior of proteins, which group together to form insoluble aggregates. It has been shown that the tau protein and TDP-43 are the main proteins involved in these pathologies. This article details 11 compounds already used in different neuropathologies, which may serve as potential drugs against these proteins. The mechanism of how most of these molecules inhibited the tau and TDP-43 aggregation process was highlighted. Importantly, Curcumin, Proanthocyanidin B2, Oleocanthal, Oleuropein Aglycone, Thionine, and Resveratrol had been reported as direct inhibitors of tau. While 4-aminoquinoline, Dimethoxycurcumin, and Auranofin directly inhibited TDP-43. Epigallocatechin- 3- gallate and Methylene Blue were described as tau and TDP-43 inhibitors. In this review, it is proposed that future research could elucidate the detailed inhibition mechanisms of these compounds to obtain relevant data to advance in treatments search for these coexisting proteins in frontotemporal dementia.

Keywords: Frontotemporal dementia, proteinopathies, tau, TDP-43, protein aggregation, chemical compounds.

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