The World Health Organization (WHO) considers tuberculosis to be the most dangerous chronic communicable disease in the world, infecting two billion people or one-third of the world’s population. Tuberculosis (TB) caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis remains a leading cause of mortality worldwide into the 21st century. Tuberculosis is second only to AIDS among other infectious diseases causing deaths worldwide. The emergence of AIDS, multidrug-resistant TB (MDRTB), extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB), the decline of socioeconomic standards, and a reduced emphasis on tuberculosis control programmers contribute to the disease’s resurgence in industrialized countries.
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