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Current Reviews in Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology


ISSN (Print): 2772-4328
ISSN (Online): 2772-4336

Review Article

Safety and Monitoring of the Treatment with Disease-Modifying Therapies (DMTs) for Multiple Sclerosis (MS)

Author(s): Vasileios-Periklis Stamatellos and Georgios Papazisis*

Volume 18, Issue 1, 2023

Published on: 23 May, 2022

Page: [39 - 50] Pages: 12

DOI: 10.2174/2772432817666220412110720

Price: $65


Background: Disease-Modifying Therapies (DMTs) for Multiple Sclerosis (MS) are widely used given their proven efficacy in the relapsing form of the disease, while recently, Siponimod and Ocrelizumab have been approved for the progressive forms of the disease. Currently, 22 diseasemodifying drugs are approved by the FDA, while in 2012, only nine were present in the market. From March 2019 until August 2020, six new drugs were approved. This rapid development of new DMTs highlighted the need to update our knowledge about their short and long-term safety.

Objective: This review summarizes the available safety data for all the Disease-Modifying Therapies for Multiple Sclerosis and presents the monitoring plan before and during the treatment.

Methods: A literature search was conducted using PUBMED and COCHRANE databases. Key journals and abstracts from major annual meetings of Neurology, references of relevant reviews, and relative articles were also manually searched. We prioritized systematic reviews, large randomized controlled trials (RCTs), prospective cohort studies, and other observational studies. Special attention was paid to guidelines and papers focusing on the safety and monitoring of DMTs.

Conclusion: Data for oral (Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) receptor modulators, Fumarates, Teriflunomide, Cladribine), injectables (Interferons, Glatiramer acetate, Ofatumumab), and infusion therapies (Natalizumab, Ocrelizumab, Alemtuzumab) are presented.

Keywords: Disease-modifying treatments, multiple sclerosis, adverse events, safety, monitoring, DMT, DMAMS.

Graphical Abstract
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