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Protein & Peptide Letters

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 0929-8665
ISSN (Online): 1875-5305

Research Article

Characterization of Secondary Structure and Thermal Stability by Biophysical Methods of the D-alanyl,D-alanine Ligase B Protein from Escherichia coli

Author(s): José Renato Pattaro Júnior, Ícaro Putinhon Caruso, Jéssica Maróstica de Sá, Taniara Suelen Mezalira, Diego de Souza Lima, Eduardo Jorge Pilau, David Roper, Maria Aparecida Fernandez and Flavio Augusto Vicente Seixas*

Volume 29, Issue 5, 2022

Published on: 19 May, 2022

Page: [448 - 459] Pages: 12

DOI: 10.2174/0929866529666220405104446

Price: $65

Abstract

Background: Peptidoglycan (PG) is a key structural component of the bacterial cell wall and interruption of its biosynthesis is a validated target for antimicrobials. Of the enzymes involved in PG biosynthesis, D-alanyl,D-alanine ligase B (DdlB) is responsible for the condensation of two alanines, forming D-Ala-D-Ala, which is required for subsequent extracellular transpeptidase crosslinking of the mature peptidoglycan polymer.

Objective: We aimed at the biophysical characterization of recombinant Escherichia coli DdlB (EcDdlB), considering parameters of melting temperature (Tm), calorimetry and Van’t Hoff enthalpy changes of denaturation ( ΔHUcal and ΔHUvH ), as well as characterization of elements of secondary structure at three different pHs.

Methods: DdlB was overexpressed in E. coli BL21 and purified by affinity chromatography. Thermal stability and structural characteristics of the purified enzyme were analyzed by circular dichroism (CD), differential scanning calorimetry and fluorescence spectroscopy.

Results: The stability of EcDdlB increased with proximity to its pI of 5.0, reaching the maximum at pH 5.4 with Tm and ΔHUvH U of 52.68 ºC and 484 kJ.mol-1, respectively. Deconvolutions of the CD spectra at 20 ºC showed a majority percentage of α-helix at pH 5.4 and 9.4, whereas for pH 7.4, an equal contribution of β-structures and α-helices was calculated. Thermal denaturation process of EcDdlB proved to be irreversible with an increase in β-structures that can contribute to the formation of protein aggregates.

Conclusion: Such results will be useful for energy minimization of structural models aimed at virtual screening simulations, providing useful information in the search for drugs that inhibit peptidoglycan synthesis.

Keywords: D-alanyl, D-alanine ligase, recombinant protein, circular dichroism, differential scanning calorimetry, bacterial cell wall, Escherichia coli, heterologous expression.

Graphical Abstract
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