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Current Cardiology Reviews


ISSN (Print): 1573-403X
ISSN (Online): 1875-6557


Syncope Prediction Scores in the Emergency Department

Author(s): Yan Liang, Xiulian Li, Gary Tse, Emma King, Leonardo Roever, Guangping Li and Tong Liu*

Volume 18, Issue 5, 2022

Published on: 17 May, 2022

Article ID: e210322202447 Pages: 7

DOI: 10.2174/1573403X18666220321104129


Syncope is a common clinical presentation defined as a transient loss of consciousness (TLOC) due to cerebral hypoperfusion, characterized by a rapid onset, short duration, and spontaneous complete recovery. Different clinical decision rules (CDRs) and risk stratification scores have been developed to predict short- and long-term risks for adverse outcomes after syncope. The central theme of these prediction systems is consistent with the ESC syncope guidelines. Initial assessment according to the ESC guideline is essential until an optimal and well-validated risk score is available. The focus should be accurate risk stratification to allow prevention of adverse outcomes and optimize the use of limited healthcare resources. In this review article, we summarize and critically appraise the evidence regarding the CDRs for patients presenting with syncope.

Keywords: Syncope, clinical decision rules, healthcare, transient loss of consciousness, electrocardiogram, cardiac syncope.

Graphical Abstract
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