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Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy


ISSN (Print): 1574-888X
ISSN (Online): 2212-3946

Review Article

Stem Cells in Tendon Regeneration and Factors governing Tenogenesis

Author(s): Lingli Ding*, BingYu Zhou*, Yonghui Hou and Liangliang Xu

Volume 17, Issue 6, 2022

Published on: 24 March, 2022

Page: [503 - 512] Pages: 10

DOI: 10.2174/1574888X17666220127111135

Price: $65


Tendons are connective tissue structures of paramount importance to the human ability of locomotion. Tendinopathy and tendon rupture can be resistant to treatment and often recurs, thus resulting in a significant health problem with a relevant social impact worldwide. Unfortunately, existing treatment approaches are suboptimal. A better understanding of the basic biology of tendons may provide a better way to solve these problems and promote tendon regeneration. Stem cells, either obtained from tendons or non-tendon sources, such as bone marrow (BMSCs), adipose tissue (AMSCs), as well as embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), have received increasing attention toward enhancing tendon healing. There are many studies showing that stem cells can contribute to improving tendon healing. Hence, in this review, the current knowledge of BMSCs, AMSCs, TSPCs, ESCs, and iPSCs for tendon regeneration, as well as the advantages and limitations among them, has been highlighted. Moreover, the transcriptional and bioactive factors governing tendon healing processes have been discussed.

Keywords: Tendon repair, tenogenesis, mesenchymal stem cells, tendon stem cells, transcriptional factors, tendons regeneration.

Graphical Abstract
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