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Current Pediatric Reviews


ISSN (Print): 1573-3963
ISSN (Online): 1875-6336

Review Article

COVID-19 Vaccination in Children: An Open Question

Author(s): Giuseppe Campagnani, Flaminia Bardanzellu*, Maria Cristina Pintus, Vassilios Fanos and Maria Antonietta Marcialis

Volume 18, Issue 3, 2022

Published on: 12 April, 2022

Page: [226 - 236] Pages: 11

DOI: 10.2174/1573396318666211220093111

Price: $65


Background: A safe and effective vaccine represents the best way to control the COVID-19 pandemic, which has caused more than 4 million deaths to date. Several vaccines have now been approved worldwide, depending on the country. Being administered to healthy people, anti-SARS-CoV-2 vaccines must meet high safety standards, and this is even more important among the pediatric population in which the risk of developing severe disease is significantly lower than adults. However, vaccination of the pediatric population could help in reducing viral spread in the whole population.

Objective: Our narrative review analyzes and discusses the currently available literature on the advantages and disadvantages of COVID-19 vaccination in the pediatric population.

Methods: A bibliographic research was conducted through Pubmed, Read, and Scopus using COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, immunization, antibody, COVID-19 vaccine efficacy, COVID-19 vaccine safety, children, adolescents, MIS-C, adverse effects as keywords.

Results: Although children are less susceptible to COVID-19 infection, they can develop serious consequences, including multi-inflammatory syndrome. However, any vaccine-related side effects should be evaluated before administering vaccination to children while ensuring complete safety. To date, adverse effects are reported in adolescents and young adults following vaccination; however, these are mostly isolated reports.

Conclusion: Further investigation is needed to establish whether there is indeed a cause-and-effect relationship in the development of vaccine-related adverse effects. However, to date, COVID-19 vaccination is recommended for children and adolescents older than 12 years of age. However, this question is still under debate and involves ethical, political, and social issues.

Keywords: COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, immunization, antibody, COVID-19 vaccine efficacy, COVID-19 vaccine safety, children, adolescents, MIS-C, adverse effects.

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