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Current Physical Chemistry

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1877-9468
ISSN (Online): 1877-9476

Research Article

Inhibition of Fenton Reaction of Glucose by Alcohols and Tetrahydrofuran in Catalytic Concentrations: Calculation of the Stability Constants of ROH/Fe2+ Complexes

Author(s): Arturo Alberto Vitale*, Eduardo Alberto Bernatene and Alicia Beatriz Pomilio

Volume 12, Issue 1, 2022

Published on: 24 January, 2022

Page: [76 - 87] Pages: 12

DOI: 10.2174/1877946812666211217152703

Price: $65

Abstract

Background: The Fenton reaction is of growing interest due to its primary function in bodily processes and industrial waste disposal. However, the effects of alcohol on this reaction have not been addressed. Therefore, we analyze for the first time the role that catalytic concentrations of alcohols play in the Fenton reaction.

Methods: The Fenton reaction was carried out by measuring oxidation-reduction potential and pH monitoring under dark conditions to avoid photochemical reactions. The reaction end point was established using the first derivative of plotting potential versus time. This point was also checked by the dichromate test for hydrogen peroxide detection. Gas-liquid chromatography was used to measure alcohol content. The Fenton reaction of glucose was performed first, and then each alcohol, including ethanol, methanol, iso-propanol, and terbutanol, was added separately in catalytic amounts, as well as the cyclic ether tetrahydrofuran. The reaction rate constants and the stability constants of each complex formed were measured.

Results: Alcohols were shown to inhibit the Fenton reaction by forming iron-alcohol complexes. An iron-tetrahydrofuran complex was also formed. The crucial oxygen role in the functional group of alcohols and ethers is supported by a reaction with tetrahydrofuran. These results also explain the difficulties in the disposal of sugar-enriched alcoholic industrial effluents.

Conclusion: Our findings show that alcohols, such as ethanol, methanol, iso-propanol, and ter-butanol at catalytic concentrations, slow down the Fenton reaction due to decreased iron availability by forming iron (II)-alcohol complexes. The method is also useful for calculating stability constants for iron-alcohol and iron-tetrahydrofuran complexes, which are not otherwise easy to assess.

Keywords: Fenton reaction, alcohol inhibition, glucose, alcohol-iron complexes, kinetics, reaction rate constants, stability constants.

Graphical Abstract
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