Background and Objective: Patients with transient ischemic attack（TIA）occasionally showed nonfocal symptoms, such as decreased consciousness, amnesia and non-rotatory dizziness. This study intended to evaluate the effect of nonfocal symptoms on the prognosis of patients with TIA.
Methods: Data from the prospective hospital-based TIA database of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University were analyzed. The predictive outcome was stroke occurrence at 1 year. Cumulative risks of stroke in patients with and without nonfocal symptoms were estimated with Kaplan-Meier models.
Results: We studied 1384 patients with TIA (842 men; mean age, 56±13 years), including 450 (32.5%) with nonfocal symptoms. In the ﬁrst year after TIA, stroke occurred in 168（12.1%） patients. There was no difference in the risk of stroke between patients with both focal and nonfocal symptoms and patients with focal symptoms alone (11.8% vs 12.4%, log-rank; P=0.691).
Conclusions: The occurrence of nonfocal symptoms did not increase the risk of stroke at one-year follow-up compared to the occurrence of focal symptoms alone.