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Current Medicinal Chemistry


ISSN (Print): 0929-8673
ISSN (Online): 1875-533X

Research Article

A Novel Approach for Designing Electrochemical Aptamer-Based Biosensor for Ultrasensitive Detection of Zearalenone as a Prevalent Estrogenic Mycotoxin

Author(s): Shokoufeh Hassani*, Armin Salek Maghsoudi, Milad Rezaei Akmal, Shahram Shoeibi, Fatemeh Ghadipasha, Taraneh Mousavi, Mohammad Reza Ganjali, Rohollah Hosseini and Mohammad Abdollahi

Volume 29, Issue 37, 2022

Published on: 31 January, 2022

Page: [5881 - 5894] Pages: 14

DOI: 10.2174/0929867328666211214165814

Price: $65


Background: Zearalenone is a well-known estrogenic mycotoxin produced by Fusarium species, a serious threat to the agricultural and food industries worldwide. Zearalenone, with its known metabolites, is a biomarker of exposure to certain fungi, primarily through food. It has considerable toxic effects on biological systems due to its carcinogenicity, mutagenicity, renal toxicity, teratogenicity, and immunotoxicity.

Introduction: This study aims to design a simple, quick, precise, and cost-effective method on a biosensor platform to evaluate the low levels of this toxin in foodstuffs and agricultural products.

Methods: An aptamer-based electrochemical biosensor was introduced that utilizes screen-printed gold electrodes instead of conventional electrodes. The electrodeposition process was employed to develop a gold nanoparticle-modified surface to enhance the electroactive surface area. Thiolated aptamers were immobilized on the surface of gold nanoparticles, and subsequently, the blocker and analyte were added to the modified surface. In the presence of a redox probe, electrochemical characterization of differential pulse voltammetry, cyclic voltammetry, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy were used to investigate the various stages of aptasensor fabrication.

Results: The proposed aptasensor for zearalenone concentration had a wide linear dynamic range covering the 0.5 pg/mL to 100 ng/mL with a 0.14 pg/mL detection limit. Moreover, this aptasensor had high specificity so that a non-specific analyte cannot negatively affect the selectivity of the aptasensor.

Conclusion: Overall, due to its simple design, high sensitivity, and fast performance, this aptasensor showed a high potential for assessing zearalenone in real samples, providing a clear perspective for designing a portable and cost-effective device.

Keywords: Biomarker, aptamer, biosensor, mycotoxins, zearalenone, electrochemical, SPGEs.

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