Generic placeholder image

Current Neurovascular Research


ISSN (Print): 1567-2026
ISSN (Online): 1875-5739

Research Article

Plasma Retinol Binding Protein 4 as a Biomarker for Detecting Progressive Stroke and Prediction of Early Prognosis in Patients with Acute Ischemic Stroke

Author(s): Shuqiong Liu, Jiande Li, Xiaoming Rong, Yingmei Wei, Ying Peng and Qingyu Shen*

Volume 18, Issue 4, 2021

Published on: 06 December, 2021

Page: [381 - 388] Pages: 8

DOI: 10.2174/1567202618666211122150730

Price: $65


Aim and Purpose: Progressive Stroke (PS) lacks effective treatment measures and leads to serious disability or death. Retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4) could be closely associated with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). We aimed to explore plasma RBP4 as a biomarker for detecting the progression in patients with AIS.

Methods: Participants of this retrospective study were 234 patients with AIS within the 48 h onset of disease. The primary endpoint was to ascertain if there was PS through the National Institute of Health stroke scale (NIHSS); the early prognosis was confirmed through the modified Rankin scale score (mRS) at discharge or 14 days after the onset of stroke, and the significance of demographic characteristics and clinical data was determined.

Results: In this study, 43 of 234 patients demonstrated PS. The level of plasma RBP4 in patients with progressive stroke was significantly lower (29 mg/L, 22.60-40.38 mg/L) than that without progression (38.70 mg/L, 27.28-46.40 mg/L, P = 0.003). In patients with lower plasma RBP4, the proportion of patients with progression (χ2 = 9.63, P = 0.008) and with mRS scores ≥2 (χ2 = 6.73, P = 0.035) was significantly higher. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that a lower RBP4 level on admission was an independent risk factor for progressive stroke during hospitalization with an OR value of 2.70 (P = 0.03, 95% CI: 1.12-6.52).

Conclusion: A low plasma RBP4 level on admission could be an independent risk factor of PS during hospitalization.

Keywords: Retinol binding protein 4, progressive stroke, biomarker, early prognosis, acute ischemic stroke, metabolic syndrome.

Rights & Permissions Print Export Cite as
© 2023 Bentham Science Publishers | Privacy Policy