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Current Pharmaceutical Design


ISSN (Print): 1381-6128
ISSN (Online): 1873-4286

Review Article

Update on Myositis Therapy: From Today’s Standards to Tomorrow’s Possibilities

Author(s): Stefanie Glaubitz, Rachel Zeng, Goran Rakocevic and Jens Schmidt*

Volume 28, Issue 11, 2022

Published on: 09 December, 2021

Page: [863 - 880] Pages: 18

DOI: 10.2174/1381612827666211115165353

Price: $65


Inflammatory myopathies, in short, myositis, are heterogeneous disorders that are characterized by inflammation of skeletal muscle and weakness of arms and legs. Research over the past few years has led to a new understanding regarding the pathogenesis of myositis. The new insights include different pathways of the innate and adaptive immune response during the pathogenesis of myositis. The importance of non-inflammatory mechanisms such as cell stress and impaired autophagy has been recently described. New target-specific drugs for myositis have been developed and are currently being tested in clinical trials. In this review, we discuss the mechanisms of action of pharmacological standards in myositis and provide an outlook of future treatment approaches.

Keywords: Inflammatory myopathies, myositis, disease mechanisms, treatment, immunosuppression, biologic agents, polymyositis, dermatomyositis, inclusion body myositis, necrotizing myopathy, anti-synthetase syndrome.

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