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Current Medicinal Chemistry


ISSN (Print): 0929-8673
ISSN (Online): 1875-533X

Review Article

Multicomponent Reactions in the Synthesis of Antiviral Compounds

Author(s): Lorenzo Botta, Silvia Cesarini, Claudio Zippilli, Bruno Mattia Bizzarri, Angelica Fanelli and Raffaele Saladino*

Volume 29, Issue 12, 2022

Published on: 11 January, 2022

Page: [2013 - 2050] Pages: 38

DOI: 10.2174/0929867328666211007121837

Price: $65


Background: Multicomponent reactions are one-pot processes for the synthesis of highly functionalized hetero-cyclic and hetero-acyclic compounds, often endowed with biological activity.

Objective: Multicomponent reactions are considered green processes with a high atom economy. In addition, they present advantages compared to the classic synthetic methods, such as high efficiency and low waste production.

Methods: In these reactions, two or more reagents are combined together in the same flask to yield a product containing almost all the atoms of the starting materials.

Results: The scope of this review is to present an overview of the application of multicomponent reactions in the synthesis of compounds endowed with antiviral activity. The syntheses are classified depending on the viral target.

Conclusion: Multicomponent reactions can be applied to all the stages of the drug discovery and development process, making them very useful in the search for new agents active against emerging (viral) pathogens.

Keywords: Multicomponent reactions, antiviral activity, DNA/RNA viruses, passerini, ugi, strecker, hantzsch, biginelli.

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