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Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology


ISSN (Print): 1389-2010
ISSN (Online): 1873-4316

Review Article

Polymer-based Nanotherapeutics for Burn Wounds

Author(s): Rewati Raman Ujjwal, Awesh Yadav*, Shourya Tripathi and S.T.V. Sai Krishna

Volume 23, Issue 12, 2022

Published on: 07 January, 2022

Page: [1460 - 1482] Pages: 23

DOI: 10.2174/1389201022666210927103755

Price: $65


Burn wounds are complex and intricate injuries that have become a common cause of trauma leading to significant mortality and morbidity every year. Dressings are applied to burn wounds with the aim of promoting wound healing, preventing burn infection and restoring skin function. The dressing protects the injury and contributes to recovery of dermal and epidermal tissues. Polymer-based nanotherapeutics are increasingly being exploited as burn wound dressings. Natural polymers such as cellulose, chitin, alginate, collagen, gelatin and synthetic polymers like poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid), polycaprolactone, polyethylene glycol, and polyvinyl alcohol are being obtained as nanofibers by nanotechnological approaches like electrospinning and have shown wound healing and re-epithelialization properties. Their biocompatibility, biodegradability, sound mechanical properties and unique structures provide optimal microenvironment for cell proliferation, differentiation, and migration contributing to burn wound healing. The polymeric nanofibers mimic collagen fibers present in extracellular matrix and their high porosity and surface area to volume ratio enable increased interaction and sustained release of therapeutics at the site of thermal injury. This review is an attempt to compile all recent advances in the use of polymer-based nanotherapeutics for burn wounds. The various natural and synthetic polymers used have been discussed comprehensively and approaches being employed have been reported. With immense research effort that is currently being invested in this field and development of proper characterization and regulatory framework, future progress in burn treatment is expected to occur. Moreover, appropriate preclinical and clinical research will provide evidence for the great potential that polymer-based nanotherapeutics hold in the management of burn wounds.

Keywords: Burn wounds, wound healing, topical dressings, nanotherapeutics, natural polymers, synthetic polymers.

Graphical Abstract
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