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Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy


ISSN (Print): 1574-888X
ISSN (Online): 2212-3946

Review Article

Use of Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Crohn's Disease and Perianal Fistulas: A Narrative Review

Author(s): Azar Sheikholeslami, Hoda Fazaeli, Naser Kalhor, Mohadeseh Khoshandam, Seyed Jalal Eshagh Hoseini and Mohsen Sheykhhasan*

Volume 18, Issue 1, 2023

Published on: 23 November, 2021

Page: [76 - 92] Pages: 17

DOI: 10.2174/1574888X16666210916145717

Price: $65


Crohn's Disease (CD), which usually leads to anal fistulas among patients, is the most important inflammatory bowel disease that causes morbidity in many people around the world. This review article proposes using MSCs as a hopeful therapeutic strategy for CD and anal fistula treatment in both preclinical and clinical conditions. Finally, darvadstrocel, a cell-based medication to treat complex anal fistulas in adults, as the only European Medicines Agency (EMA)-approved product for the treatment of anal fistulas in CD is addressed.

Although several common therapies, such as surgery and anti-tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) drugs as well as a combination of these methods is used to improve this disease, however, due to the low effectiveness of these treatments, the use of new strategies with higher efficiency is still recommended. Cell therapy is among the new emerging therapeutic strategies that have attracted great attention from clinicians due to its unique capabilities. One of the most widely used cell sources administrated in cell therapy is mesenchymal stem cell (MSC).

This review article will discuss preclinical and clinical studies about MSCs as a potent and promising therapeutic option in the treatment of CD and anal fistula.

Keywords: Cell therapy, mesenchymal stem cells, crohn's disease, anal fistula, darvadstrocel, immunomodulation, anti-fibrosis.

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