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Infectious Disorders - Drug Targets


ISSN (Print): 1871-5265
ISSN (Online): 2212-3989

Review Article

Interaction of Host Pattern Recognition Receptors (PRRs) with Mycobacterium Tuberculosis and Ayurvedic Management of Tuberculosis: A Systemic Approach

Author(s): Nirmaladevi Ponnusamy and Mohanapriya Arumugam*

Volume 22, Issue 2, 2022

Published on: 13 September, 2021

Article ID: e130921196420 Pages: 13

DOI: 10.2174/1871526521666210913110834

Price: $65


Tuberculosis (TB), an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), infects the lungs' alveolar surfaces through aerosol droplets. At this stage, the disease progression may have many consequences, determined primarily by the reactions of the human immune system. However, one approach will be to more actively integrate the immune system, especially the pattern recognition receptor (PRR) systems of the host, which notices pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) of Mtb. Several types of PRRs are involved in the detection of Mtb, including Toll-like receptors (TLRs), C-type lectin receptors (CLRs), Dendritic cell (DC) -specific intercellular adhesion molecule-3-grabbing non-integrin (DC-SIGN), Mannose receptor (MR), and NOD-like receptors (NLRs) related to inflammasome activation. In this study, we focus on reviewing the Mtb pathophysiology and interaction of host PPRs with Mtb as well as adverse drug effects of anti-tuberculosis drugs (ATDs) and systematic TB treatment via Ayurvedic medicine.

Keywords: Mycobacterium tuberculosis, toll-like receptor, pattern recognition receptor, ayurvedic medicine, anti-tuberculosis drugs.

Graphical Abstract
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