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Current Rheumatology Reviews

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1573-3971
ISSN (Online): 1875-6360

Review Article

HCV and Autoimmunity in Rheumatic Diseases

Author(s): Alberto Altomare*, Addolorata Corrado, Nicola Maruotti, Daniela Cici and Francesco Paolo Cantatore

Volume 18, Issue 2, 2022

Published on: 12 August, 2021

Page: [101 - 107] Pages: 7

DOI: 10.2174/1573397117666210812141524

Price: $65

Abstract

HCV is a global health problem affecting mainly the liver and is often characterized by extrahepatic manifestations mediated by autoimmune reactions. Among these, arthritis and arthralgia are most frequent, as well as the presence of cryoglobulinemia that may induce vasculitis and sicca syndrome. Thus, HCV appears to be a trigger for an autoimmune response, as demonstrated by the finding of autoantibody in a high percentage of serum of these patients. Therefore, it is important that clinicians recognize these autoimmune manifestations as symptoms due to an autoimmune activity triggered by HCV in order to give the correct diagnosis and start an effective therapeutic strategy. Therefore, clinical examination, searching of markers of infection, as well as autoantibody patterns should be performed to make a correct differential diagnosis. The treatment should be based on antiviral drugs associated with immunosuppressive drugs according to autoimmune manifestations.

Keywords: HCV, autoimmunity, arthritis, cryoglobulinemia, sjogren’s syndrome, rheumatic diseases.

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Graphical Abstract
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