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Current Cancer Therapy Reviews

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1573-3947
ISSN (Online): 1875-6301

Research Article

Bioactive Extracts of Ziziphus mauritiana Induces Apoptosis in A549 Human Lung Epithelial Carcinoma Cells through the Generation of Reactive Oxygen Species

Author(s): Om Prakash, Shazia Usmani *, Amresh Gupta, Asif Jafri , Mohammad Fahad Ullah, Shadma Wahab, Md Arshad and Sudheer Kumar

Volume 18, Issue 1, 2022

Published on: 05 August, 2021

Page: [57 - 68] Pages: 12

DOI: 10.2174/1573394717666210805115802

Price: $65

Abstract

Background: In recent years, novel metabolites isolated from botanical sources have been attracted much attention due to their traditional and therapeutic significance. The ethnopharmacological studies suggest that Ziziphus mauritiana is a common remedy against several kinds of ailments.

Objective: The current study has evaluated the MeOH extract of Ziziphus mauritiana leaves (ZME) through physicochemical, phytochemical, and chromatographic fingerprinting analysis, which displayed an array of biometabolites of pharmacological significance, including flavonoids.

Methods: The extract was further examined for anticancer activities, which revealed promising anticancer properties against human lung epithelial carcinoma cells (A549) and induction of apoptosis impart by ROS. The oxidative stress was evaluated in terms of production and accumulation of cytosolic extent of ROS, whereas anticancer perspective was determined by MTT assay, cell morphology analysis, followed by nuclear condensation for the examination of apoptosis induction.

Results: Finding suggests that the MeOH extract of ZME markedly exhibited promising anticancer activity against the A549 lung epithelial carcinoma cell. The ZME was found to be most active in the MTT assay against A549 cells, while it was less toxic to normal cells. The intracellular ROS generation was remarkably induced by ZME, which correlated with the ability of the flavonoidrich fractions in the MeOH extract to inhibit cell growth and might induce apoptosis.

Conclusion: The present study provides useful insight concerning the promising anticancer potential of ZME against A549 lung carcinomas. However, the clinical correlation will be required for its authorization and the discovery of significant and least noxious novel agents against lung carcinomas.

Keywords: Complementary therapy, Ziziphus mauritiana Lam., HPTLC fingerprinting, A549 lung cancer, reactive oxygen species, apoptosis.

Graphical Abstract
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