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Current Vascular Pharmacology

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1570-1611
ISSN (Online): 1875-6212

Research Article

Association of PAF and its Metabolic Enzymes with GGT and the Fatty Liver Index in Healthy Volunteers

Author(s): Paraskevi Detopoulou, Tzortzis Nomikos, Elizabeth Fragopoulou and Smaragdi Antonopoulou*

Volume 19 , Issue 6 , 2021

Published on: 28 June, 2021

Page: [663 - 672] Pages: 10

DOI: 10.2174/1570161119666210628125239

Price: $65

Abstract

Background: Platelet-activating-factor (PAF) is a lipid inflammatory mediator implicated in liver disease. Its main biosynthetic enzymes are cytidine diphosphate (CDP)-choline: 1-alkyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycerol-cholinephosphotransferase (PAF-CPT) and acetyl-coenzyme A: lyso-PAF-acetyltransferases (Lyso-PAF-AT). At the same time, PAF acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH) and lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) degrade PAF.

Objective: To explore the relation of PAF metabolism with liver diseases and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, as reflected by the fatty liver index (FLI).

Methods: In 106 healthy volunteers, PAF concentration, the activity of its metabolic enzymes and gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) were measured in whole blood, leukocytes and serum, respectively and the FLI was calculated. Partial correlations and linear regression models were used.

Results: In males, serum GGT activity was positively correlated with abdominal fat (as assessed by analysis of a manually defined region of interest in dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry), triacylglycerols, bound-PAF and Lp-PLA2, while the FLI was positively correlated with Lp-PLA2 activity. In females, serum GGT activity was negatively associated with high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) (age adjusted correlations, all p<0.05). Lp-PLA2 was a significant determinant of serum GGT activity in males after controlling for age, low- density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and abdominal fat. The addition of bound-PAF in the model significantly increased the explained variance of serum GGT activity (total variance explanation 30%).

Conclusion: Bound-PAF and Lp-PLA2 activity predicted serum GGT activity while Lp-PLA2 was also related to FLI. Our findings shed light on the metabolic pathways linking Lp-PLA2 to other atherosclerosis and/or oxidative markers, such as HDL-C, LDL-C, GGT and FLI and underline the important role of PAF.

Keywords: Platelet-activating-factor, gamma-glutamyl transferase, fatty liver index, lipoprotein associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2), lyso-PAF-acetyltransferase, PAF acetylhydrolase.

Graphical Abstract
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