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Current Chinese Science


ISSN (Print): 2210-2981
ISSN (Online): 2210-2914

Research Article

Investigation of Substitution Reactions Between Zinc(II) Complexes with Different Geometries and N-Bonding Nucleophiles

Author(s): Tanja Soldatović* and Enisa Selimović

Volume 1 , Issue 5 , 2021

Published on: 23 June, 2021

Page: [550 - 557] Pages: 8

DOI: 10.2174/2210298101666210623114234


Aims: The study aimed at investigating interactions between zinc(II) complexes with different geometrical structures and relevant nitrogen donor nucleophiles at physiological pH.

Background: Lack of clear distinction between the therapeutic and toxic doses of platinum drugs is a major challenge for the design of novel non-platinum DNA and protein targeting metal-based anticancer agents. The non-platinum antitumor complexes could be alternatives to platinum-based drugs due to their better characteristics and different mechanisms of action.

Objective: This study could provide more information regarding the design of future zinc-based anticancer drugs, providing a better understanding of the mechanism of interactions between Zn(II) complexes and nitrogen-donor nucleophiles (important from the medical point of view), and clarifying the changes in geometrical structures of zinc(II) that are referred to structure-reactivity correlations.

Methods: Mole-ratio method and UV-V is spectroscopic kinetic method have been used.

Results: The results indicated additional coordination of chlorides in the first coordination sphere with changes in coordination geometry and formation of the octahedral complex anion [ZnCl4(en)]2- while the excess of chloride did not affect the square-pyramidal structure of [ZnCl2(terpy)]. The substitutions of studied complexes and relevant nucleophiles proceeded in two consecutive reaction steps that depended on the nucleophile concentration. Octahedral complex anion [ZnCl4(en)]2- forms rapidly and all substitution processes of this complex species should be considered. We assume that the first reaction step is accompanied by the dissociation of chloride ligands. Nucleophile 1,2,4- triazoles have shown the highest affinity toward [ZnCl2(en)], and rates of both steps were almost of the same value, indicating parallel reactions.

Conclusion: The different order of reactivity of relevant N-donor ligands toward [ZnCl2(en)] and [ZnCl2(terpy)] complexes for the first reaction step occurred because of the influence of different geometrical structures of complexes, while low reaction rates for the second reactions of [ZnCl2(en)] complex with imidazole and pyrazine were a consequence of interconversion between octahedral and tetrahedral structure during substitution processes.

Keywords: Zinc(II), nitrogen relevant nucleophiles, structure-reactivity correlation, kinetics, cancer chemotherapy, platinum drugs.

Graphical Abstract

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