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Current Molecular Medicine


ISSN (Print): 1566-5240
ISSN (Online): 1875-5666

Research Article

ALK7 Inhibition Protects Osteoblast Cells Against High Glucoseinduced ROS Production via Nrf2/HO-1 Signaling Pathway

Author(s): Zhen Zhao, Yu Lu, Huan Wang, Xiang Gu, Luting Zhu, Hong Guo and Nan Li*

Volume 22, Issue 4, 2022

Published on: 09 August, 2021

Page: [354 - 364] Pages: 11

DOI: 10.2174/1566524021666210614144337

Price: $65


Background: Some studies demonstrated that under high-glucose (HG) condition, osteoblasts develop oxidative stress, which will impair their normal functions. The effects of activin receptor-like kinase 7 (ALK7) silencing on HG-induced osteoblasts remained unclear.

Objective: The aim of this study was to explore the effect of ALK7 on HG-induced osteoblasts.

Methods: MC3T3-E1 cells were treated with different concentrations of HG (0, 50, 100, 200 and 300mg/dL), and the cell viability was detected using cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8). HG-treated MC3T3-E1 cells were transfected with siALK7 or ALK7 overexpression plasmid or siNrf2, and then the viability and apoptosis were detected by CCK-8 and flow cytometry. The levels of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS), collagen I and calcification nodule were determined by oxidative stress kits, Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and Alizarin red staining. The expressions of NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and osteoblast-associated genes were determined by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and Western blot.

Results: Cell viability was reduced with HG treatment. Silencing ALK7 inhibited the effect of HG on increasing cell apoptosis and ROS production, reduced cell viability, mineralized nodules, and downregulated collagen I and osteoblast-associated genes expression in MC3T3-E1 cells. ALK7 silencing activated the Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway by affecting expressions of HO-1 and Nrf2. ALK7 overexpression had the opposite effects. In addition, siNrf2 partially reversed the effects of ALK7 silencing on HG-induced MC3T3-E1 cells.

Conclusion: ALK7 silencing protected osteoblasts under HG condition possibly through activating the Nrf2/HO-1 pathway.

Keywords: ALK7, osteoblasts, high glucose, reactive oxygen species, Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway, diabetic osteoporosis.

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