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Current Organic Chemistry

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1385-2728
ISSN (Online): 1875-5348

Research Article

Qualitative LC-MS/MS Identification, Formation and Stability of Adducts and Crosslinks Arising from the Reactions of Glutathione with the Model Enal Systems

Author(s): Kinga Salus and Donata Pluskota-Karwatka*

Volume 25, Issue 15, 2021

Published on: 06 July, 2021

Page: [1823 - 1830] Pages: 8

DOI: 10.2174/1385272825666210614092833

Abstract

Glutathione (GSH), due to the ability to capture the reactive electrophiles of exoand endogenous origins, is expected to prevent cross-linking induced by these compounds. However, it may instead become cross-linked itself. We subjected glutathione to reactions with model α,β-unsaturated carbonyl systems resulting from the interactions of adenosine with bifunctional aldehyde products of lipid peroxidation, and identified a range of adducts and cross-linked products. We found that the S-conjugated adducts, initially formed in the typical GSH Michael addition to α,β-unsaturated carbonyl system, unexpectedly undergo gradual degradation giving rise to the final N-conjugated products, in which formation of peptide amino group is involved instead of sulfhydryl functionality. This finding shows that the role of the GSH amino group in the non-enzymatic detoxification is underestimated, and that reactions between cellular α,β-unsaturated carbonyl compounds and GSH may be more complex than are presently perceived.

Keywords: Glutathione, S-conjugates, N-conjugates, cross-links, adducts, Michael addition.

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