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Current Neuropharmacology

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1570-159X
ISSN (Online): 1875-6190

General Review Article

Melatonin: a Potential Shield against Electromagnetic Waves

Author(s): Maya Jammoul and Nada Lawand*

Volume 20, Issue 3, 2022

Page: [648 - 660] Pages: 13

DOI: 10.2174/1570159X19666210609163946

Price: $65

Abstract

Melatonin, a vital hormone synthesized by the pineal gland, has been implicated in various physiological functions and circadian rhythm regulation. Its role in the protection against the non-ionizing electromagnetic field (EMF), known to disrupt the body’s oxidative/anti-oxidative balance, has been called into question due to inconsistent results observed across studies. This review provides the current knowledge on the interwoven relationship between melatonin, EMF, and oxidative stress. Based on synthesized evidence, we present a model that best describes the mechanisms underlying the protective effects of melatonin against RF/ELF-EMF-induced oxidative stress. It has been observed that the free radical scavenger activity of melatonin can be enabled by reducing the radical pair singlet-triplet conversion rate and the concentration of the triplet products. Moreover, this review aims to highlight the potential therapeutic benefits of melatonin against the detrimental effects of EMF, in general, and electromagnetic hypersensitivity (EHS), in particular.

Keywords: Antioxidant system, electrohypersensitivity, electromagnetic field, melatonin, oxidative stress, radical pair mechanism.

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