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Current Neurovascular Research


ISSN (Print): 1567-2026
ISSN (Online): 1875-5739

Research Article

Curcumin Alleviates Cerebral Ischemia-reperfusion Injury by Inhibiting NLRP1-dependent Neuronal Pyroptosis

Author(s): Lifa Huang*, Xu Li, Yajun Liu, Xiaolong Liang, Hui Ye, Chao Yang, Lin Hua and Xin Zhang*

Volume 18, Issue 2, 2021

Published on: 07 June, 2021

Page: [189 - 196] Pages: 8

DOI: 10.2174/1567202618666210607150140

Price: $65


Background: Cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury is caused by a blood reperfusion injury in the ischemic brain and usually occurs in the treatment stage of ischemic disease, which can aggravate brain tissue injury.

Objective: Curcumin was reported to exert a good therapeutic effect on neural cells against ischemia- reperfusion injury, However, the mechanism is not clear.

Methods: In this study, Oxygen-Glucose Deprivation (OGD) model of fetal rat cerebral cortical neurons and the Middle Cerebral Artery Occlusion (MCAO) model of rats were employed to mimic cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury in vitro and in vivo, respectively.

Results: We confirmed that curcumin has a promotive effect on neuronal proliferation and an inhibitory effect on neuronal pyroptosis. Furthermore, we found that curcumin could improve cerebral infarction. The results of western blotting showed that curcumin down-regulated the expression of nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-containing protein-, leucine-rich repeats-, and pyrin domain-containing protein 1 (NLRP1), cysteinyl aspartate-specific protease 1 (caspase-1), gasdermin D (GSDMD), IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α, and iNOS proteins in OGD and MCAO models. NLRP1- dependent neuronal pyroptosis played an important role in cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury.

Conclusion: Curcumin could effectively inhibit NLRP1-dependent neuronal pyroptosis by suppressing the p38 MAPK pathway and therefore exerted neuroprotective effects against cerebral ischemia- reperfusion injury.

Keywords: Cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury, curcumin, pyroptosis, NLRP1, blood reperfusion, brain.

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