This review summarizes studies on miRNA differential regulation related to exposure to crude oil and 20 different crude oil chemicals, such as hydrocarbons, sulphur, nitrogen, and metalcontaining compounds. It may be interesting to explore the possibility of using early post-transcriptional regulators as a potential novel exposure biomarker.
Crude oil has been defined as a highly complex mixture of solids, liquids, and gases. Given the toxicological properties of the petroleum components, its extraction and elaboration processes represent high-risk activities for the environment and human health, especially when accidental spills occur. The effects on human health of short-term exposure to petroleum are well known, but chronic exposure effects may variate depending on the exposure type (i.e., work, clean-up activities, or nearby residence).
As only two studies are focused on miRNA differential expression after crude-oil exposure, this review will also analyse the bibliography concerning different crude-oil or Petroleum-Related Compounds (PRC) exposure in Animalia L. kingdom and how it is related to differential miRNA transcript levels. Papers include in vitro, animal, and human studies across the world.
A list of 10 miRNAs (miR-142-5p, miR-126-3p, miR-24-3p, miR-451a, miR-16-5p, miR-28-5p, let-7b-5p, miR-320b, miR-27a-3p and miR-346) was created based on bibliography analysis and hypothesised as a possible “footprint” for crude-oil exposure. miRNA differential regulation can be considered a Big-Data related challenge, so different statistical programs and bioinformatics tools were used to have a better understanding of the biological significate of the most interesting data.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.125585] [PMID: 31855760]
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2018.11.119] [PMID: 30471501]
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.01.083] [PMID: 26841344]
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.taap.2013.08.016] [PMID: 23993976]
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.12.026] [PMID: 29223809]
[http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/JAD-170824] [PMID: 29614648]
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.etap.2018.08.011] [PMID: 30172012]