A microwave-assisted organic synthesis is an alternative approach towards the traditional way of heating to obtain desired bioactive scaffolds as a product. This method has transformed the approaches of organic synthesis, due to shorter reaction time with high product yields, modifications of selectivity, increased product purities, and simplification of workup procedures. The microwave-assisted reactions can be performed under solvent-free conditions. Thus, Microwave-Assisted Organic Synthesis (MAOS) has become the first choice for the medicinal chemist and chemical biologist to use as a tool to perform organic reactions in drug discovery and medicinal chemistry. Microwave-assisted organic synthesis specifically results in the desired products with higher selectivity and purity which may have better pharmacological properties. In this review article, we covered the literature from 2010-till to date, focusing on the use of microwave irradiation in performing organic reactions to deliver various bioactive scaffolds.
Keywords: Microwave-assisted organic synthesis, bioactivity, anti-bacterial, anti-tubercular, anti-fungal, anti-viral, anti-cancer, anti-malarial, anti-leishmania, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-coagulant, anti-diabetic.