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Current Pharmaceutical Design

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1381-6128
ISSN (Online): 1873-4286

Review Article

Subcellular Imaging and Diagnosis of Cancer using Engineered Nanoparticles

Author(s): Shivanand H. Nannuri, Ajinkya N. Nikam, Abhijeet Pandey, Srinivas Mutalik and Sajan D. George*

Volume 28, Issue 9, 2022

Published on: 29 July, 2021

Page: [690 - 710] Pages: 21

DOI: 10.2174/1381612827666210525154131

Price: $65

Abstract

The advances in the synthesis of nanoparticles with engineered properties are reported to have profound applications in oncological disease detection via optical and multimodal imaging and therapy. Among the various nanoparticle-assisted imaging techniques, engineered fluorescent nanoparticles show great promise from high contrast images and localized therapeutic applications. Of all the fluorescent nanoparticles available, the gold nanoparticles, carbon dots, and upconversion nanoparticles are emerging recently as the most promising candidates for diagnosis, treatment, and cancer monitoring. This review addresses the recent progress in engineering the properties of these emerging nanoparticles and their application for cancer diagnosis and therapy. In addition, the potential of these particles for subcellular imaging is also reviewed here.

Keywords: Fluorescent nanoparticles, plasmonic nanoparticles, carbon dots, upconversion nanoparticles, theranostics, subcellular imaging, cancer diagnosis.

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