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New Emirates Medical Journal

ISSN (Online): 0250-6882

Case Report

A Case of Pulmonary Tuberculosis Mimicking as Diffuse Alveolar Hemorrhage: A Case Report

Author(s): Trilok Chand*, Georgie Thomas and M. U. Khan

Volume 2, Issue 2, 2021

Page: [165 - 168] Pages: 4

DOI: 10.2174/0250688202666210520125644



Background: Pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) and diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH) have some commonalities in several parts of the world. However, acute hemoptysis with diffuse alveolar shadows while a patient is on anticoagulant and antiplatelet therapy for a specific reason suggests DAH over TB.

Case Presentation: In this case, a patient was presented with acute respiratory symptoms with hypoxia and bilateral alveolar shadows. He was treated for DAH at the initial encounter. However, on follow-up, he was confirmed having active pulmonary TB based on sputum acid-fast-bacilli culture.

Conclusion: He was successfully treated with standard first-line anti-tubercular therapy and was subsequently declared cured. Pulmonary DAH with TB, in the absence of an underlying autoimmune disorder, is rare.

Keywords: Pulmonary tuberculosis, Hemoptysis, Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage, Pulmonary artery stenosis, Clopidogrel, Rivaroxaban.

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