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ISSN (Print): 2666-7967
ISSN (Online): 2666-7975

Review Article

Transmission, Prevention and Therapeutic Strategies for COVID-19: Updates and Challenges

Author(s): Habibur Rahman*

Volume 2 , Issue 12 , 2021

Published on: 08 March, 2021

Article ID: e080921192111 Pages: 15

DOI: 10.2174/2666796702666210308114216


Background: Almost the whole world is observing a pandemic like never before in the last century, affecting the human lifestyle and economies known as coronavirus disease -2019 (COVID-19). A new severe acute respiratory syndrome that has emerged in China in late 2019 and spread in more than 210 countries makes a global health care emergency.

Objective: Considering the epidemiological features of COVID-19, it is crucial to prevent the spread of such a highly infectious disease through effective control methods such as early detection, isolation, and treatment strategies.

Conclusion: This review highlights the SARS-CoV-2 transmission routes among communities and control measures, improving the quarantine and isolation of infected individuals. The “gold standard” molecular and other rapid diagnostic tests used to detect SARS-CoV-2 with their benefits and limitations have been reported. Several repurposed drugs, including antivirals trailed for COVID-19 patients, and supportive treatments, such as general, cellular, and immune therapies with the role of vitamins in the safe deployment for COVID-19 patients, have been discussed. Finally, the review also encompasses an overview and update about the recent development of COVID-19 vaccines and ongoing clinical studies, providing further research advances.

Keywords: COVID-19, transmission, SARS-CoV-2, therapeutic strategies, repurposed drugs, coronaviruses, vaccines.

Graphical Abstract

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