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Current Bioactive Compounds

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1573-4072
ISSN (Online): 1875-6646

Research Article

Identification of Potential Antimicrobial Compounds from a Marine Streptomyces sp. SM2.4 Strain (MH752437) Isolated from Rachgoun Island in Western Algeria

Author(s): Nesrine Boublenza, Nadir Boudjlal Dergal*, Larbi Belyagoubi, Noujoud Gabed, Djamel-Eddine Abdelouahid, Alaeddine Redissi, Ameur Cherif, Amor Mosbah, Valme Jurado, Cesareo Saiz-Jimenez and Sidi-Mohammed El-Amine Abi-Ayad

Volume 17, Issue 10, 2021

Published on: 22 February, 2021

Article ID: e190721191724 Pages: 14

DOI: 10.2174/1573407217666210223104350

Price: $65

Abstract

Background: Marine actinobacteria are a potential resource for natural products; their secondary bioactive metabolites have shown several biological activities. Most of the isolated and identified actinobacteria in Algeria were usually explored from caves, Saharan soil or palm groves. The marine ecosystem is poorly explored and documented.

Methods: Five Streptomyces strains producing bioactive compounds were isolated from Rachgoun Island located in Western Algeria and characterised phenotypically and genotypically using microbiological and 16S rRNA sequencing methods, respectively. The crude extract of the most representative strain “Streptomyces sp. strain SM2.4” and its seven active fractions were characterised by GC/MS analysis.

Results: Streptomyces sp. strain SM2.4 revealed the strongest activity against the Gram-positive bacteria Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus subtilis, the fungus Aspergillus niger and was inactive against Gram-negative bacteria.

GC/MS analysis of the methylated crude extract of Streptomyces sp. strain SM2.4 revealed the presence of 11 major compounds, including fatty acids methyl ester (12-methyltridecanoic acid methyl ester, 9-hexadecenoic acid methyl ester, hexadecanoic acid methyl ester, 14-methylhexadecanoic acid methyl ester and 16-methylheptadecanoic acid methyl ester), 2,4-di-tert-butylphenol, (4S,4aS,8aR)-4,8a-dimethyloctahydro-4a(2H)-naphthalenol (geosmin), 2,4-dimethylbenzaldehyde, 3,4-difluorobenzaldehyde, dimethylfuran-2,4-dicarboxylate and pyrrolo(1,2-a)pyrazine-1,4-dione, hexahydro-3-(2-methylpropyl)-. Partial purification of the crude extract by Thin-layer chromatography provided seven active fractions, which were tested by radial diffusion assay. GC/MS analysis of the active TLC-fractions revealed the presence of a mixture of active compounds from which 2- (bromomethyl)-2-(2-methylphenyl)-1,3-dioxolane was found to be a new 1,3 dioxolane derivative. Furthermore, 3,4-dimethylbenzamide and pyrido[2,3-d] pyridazine-1,4-dione, hexahydro- 3-(2-methylpropyl)-, were extracted for the first time from a natural source.

Conclusion: Our study reveals that marine Streptomyces sp. strain SM2.4 has an interesting antimicrobial potential due to its panel of bioactive compounds.

Keywords: 16S rRNA gene, antimicrobial activity, bioactive compounds, crude extract, GC/MS, marine actinomycetes.

Graphical Abstract
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