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Current Bioinformatics


ISSN (Print): 1574-8936
ISSN (Online): 2212-392X

Research Article

Prediction of Protein-protein Interactions in Arabidopsis thaliana Using Partial Training Samples in a Machine Learning Framework

Author(s): Fee Faysal Ahmed, Mst. Shamima Khatun, Md. Parvez Mosharaf and Md. Nurul Haque Mollah*

Volume 16 , Issue 6 , 2021

Published on: 04 February, 2021

Page: [865 - 879] Pages: 15

DOI: 10.2174/1574893616666210204145254

Price: $65


Background: Protein-protein interactions (PPI) play a vital role in a wide range of biological processes starting from cell-cell interactions to developmental control in all organisms. However, experimental identification of PPI is often laborious, time-consuming and costly compared to computational prediction. There are several computational prediction models in the literature based on complete training samples, but none of them dealt with the partial training samples.

Objective: The objective of this work was to develop an effective PPI prediction model for Arabidopsis Thaliana using partial training samples in a machine learning framework.

Methods: We proposed an effective computational PPI prediction model by combining random forest (RF) classifier and autocorrelation (AC) sequence encoding features with 1:2 ratio of positive- PPI and unknown-PPI samples.

Results: We observed that the proposed prediction model produces the highest average performance scores of sensitivity (94.62%), AUC (0.92) and pAUC (0.189) with the training datasets and sensitivity (88.14%), AUC (0.89) and pAUC (0.176) with the test datasets of 5-fold crossvalidation compared to other candidate predictors based on LDA, LOGI, ADA, NB, KNN & SVM classifiers. It also computed the highest performance scores of TPR (91.82%) and pAUC (0.174) at FPR= 20% with AUC (0.948) compared to other candidate predictors.

Conclusion: Overall performance of the developed model revealed that our proposed predictor might be useful to elucidate the biological function of unseen PPIs from a large number of candidate proteins in Arabidopsis thaliana.

Keywords: Protein-protein interaction, interaction prediction, protein sequence, sequence encoding, machine learning approach, random forest, Arabidopsis thaliana.

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