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Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 2212-7984
ISSN (Online): 1876-1429

Review Article

Microbial-based Biocontrol Solutions for Fruits and Vegetables: Recent Insight, Patents, and Innovative Trends

Author(s): Nicola De Simone, Vittorio Capozzi*, Maria Luisa Amodio, Giancarlo Colelli, Giuseppe Spano and Pasquale Russo

Volume 12 , Issue 1 , 2021

Published on: 25 January, 2021

Page: [3 - 18] Pages: 16

DOI: 10.2174/2212798412666210125141117

Price: $65

Abstract

Background: Fruits and vegetables are susceptible to colonisation by undesired microflora, which, in pre- and post-harvest conditions, negatively impact the quality of these products, leading to a reduction of yield, shelf-life, and marketability. In the few last years, the use of microbial Biological Control Agents (BCAs) has assumed international relevance in order to control harmful microorganisms, as a promising alternative to chemical interventions.

Objective: The purpose of this review is to discuss the microbial-based solutions applicable for the biocontrol of the main microbial spoilers, phytopathogens, and human food-borne pathogens affecting fruits and vegetables during their production and storage.

Results: A comprehensive overview of the scientific literature investigating the effectiveness of BCA-based products available on the market is provided, as well as of the most recent patents protecting biotechnological applications in this field. Innovative trends are discussed, with a particular focus on the integration of BCAs to minimise spoilage phenomena and microbiological risks adopting combined approaches.

Conclusion: This study underlines the growing interest about biocontrol strategies to counteract the growth of spoilage and/or pathogenic microorganisms indicating that in the next years a considerable increase of commercial products and patents will be developed worldwide to exploit innovative biotechnological solutions in the sector.

Keywords: Biocontrol, biological control agents (BCAs), bacteria, yeasts, fruits, vegetables, pre-harvest, post-harvest, hurdle technologies.

Graphical Abstract

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