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Recent Patents on Nanotechnology

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1872-2105
ISSN (Online): 2212-4020

Mini-Review Article

Recent Advances on the Application of Graphene Quantum Dots in Energy Storage

Author(s): Feng Shi and Quanrun Liu*

Volume 15, Issue 4, 2021

Published on: 20 January, 2021

Page: [298 - 309] Pages: 12

DOI: 10.2174/1872210515666210120115159

Price: $65

Abstract

Background: As an emerging carbon nanomaterial, Graphene Quantum Dots (GQDs) have shown great potential application in new energy storage devices due to their unique small size effect and abundant edge active sites. This work introduces the main synthesis strategies of GQDs, which include top-down and bottom-up methods; the application examples of GQDs and GQDsbased composites in energy storage are reviewed, moreover, the unique advantages of GQDs in supercapacitors, Lithium-Ion Batteries (LIBs) and Lithium-sulfur batteries (Li–S batteries) are highlighted. The problems and development prospects in this growing area are also discussed.

Methods: We conducted a detailed search of “the application of GQDs in energy storage devices” in the published papers and the public patents based on the Web of Science database in the period from 2014 to 2020. The corresponding literature was carefully evaluated and analyzed.

Results: Sixty papers and twenty-eight recent patents were included in this mini-review. The significant advances in recent years are summarized with comparative and balanced discussion. Thanks to the unique properties of large specific surface area, high conductivity and abundant active sites, GQDs have unparalleled potential application for new energy storage, especially improving the specific capacity and cycle stability of supercapacitors, LIBs and Li-S batteries.

Conclusion: The findings of this mini-review confirm the importance of GQDs, show the enhanced electrochemical performance in supercapacitors, LIBs and Li-S batteries, and also provide a helpful guide to design and fabricate high-efficiency electrode materials.

Keywords: Graphene quantum dots, electrode materials, energy storage devices, supercapacitors, lithium-ion batteries, lithiumsulfur batteries.

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