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Current Pharmaceutical Design

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1381-6128
ISSN (Online): 1873-4286

Review Article

Asymmetric Dimethylarginine: a Key Player in the Pathophysiology of Endothelial Dysfunction, Vascular Inflammation and Atherosclerosis in Rheumatoid Arthritis?

Author(s): Arduino A. Mangoni*, Sara Tommasi, Salvatore Sotgia, Angelo Zinellu, Panagiotis Paliogiannis, Matteo Piga, Alberto Cauli, Gianfranco Pintus, Ciriaco Carru and Gian L. Erre

Volume 27 , Issue 18 , 2021

Published on: 06 January, 2021

Page: [2131 - 2140] Pages: 10

DOI: 10.2174/1381612827666210106144247

Price: $65

Abstract

Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), a chronic and disabling autoimmune condition that is characterized by articular and extra-articular manifestations and a pro-inflammatory and pro-oxidant state, suffer from premature atherosclerosis and excessive cardiovascular disease burden. A key step in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis is impaired synthesis of the endogenous messenger nitric oxide (NO) by endothelial cells which, in turn, alters local homeostatic mechanisms and favors vascular damage and plaque deposition. While the exact mechanisms of endothelial dysfunction in RA remain to be established, there is good evidence that RA patients have relatively high circulating concentrations of the methylated arginine asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), a potent endogenous inhibitor of endothelial NO synthase (eNOS). This review discusses the biological and pathophysiological role of ADMA, the interplay between ADMA, inflammation and oxidative stress, and the available evidence on the adverse impact of ADMA on endothelial function and atherosclerosis and potential ADMA-lowering therapies in RA patients.

Keywords: Asymmetric dimethylarginine, rheumatoid arthritis, endothelial function, arterial stiffness, cardiovascular risk, atherosclerosis, inflammation.


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