Generic placeholder image

Current Materials Science

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 2666-1454
ISSN (Online): 2666-1462

General Research Article

Collagen and Carbon-ferrous Nanoparticles Used as a Green Energy Composite Material for Energy Storage Devices

Author(s): Inbasekaran Sundaramurthy, Gurunathan Thiyagarajan, Ramesh Chandra Panda* and Samickannku Sankar

Volume 14, Issue 1, 2021

Published on: 07 December, 2020

Page: [80 - 92] Pages: 13

DOI: 10.2174/2666145413666201207202502

Price: $65

Abstract

Background: Chrome shavings, a bioactive material, are generated from tannery as waste material. These chrome shavings can be used for the preparation of many value-added products.

Objective: One such attempt is made to use these chrome shaving wastes as a composite biobattery to produce DC voltage, an alternative green energy source and cleaner technology.

Methods: Chrome shavings were hydrolyzed to make collagen paste and mixed with the ferrous nanoparticles of Moringa oleifera leaves and carbon nanoparticles of onion peels to form electrolyte paste as the base. Then, the electrolyte base was added to the aluminum paste and conducting gel, and mixed well to form a composite material for bio-battery.

Results: The composite material of bio-battery has been characterized using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Fourier-Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) and Thermo Gravimetric Analysis (TGA). Series and parallel circuit testing were done using copper and zinc electrodes or carbon and zinc electrodes as the battery terminals in the electrolyte paste. The surface area of these electrodes needed standardization from bench to pilot scale. The power generated, for an AA battery size, using a single bio-battery cell produced a DC voltage of 1.5 V; current of 900 mA. Circuit testing on 1 ml of 80 well-cells connected in series produced DC output of 18 V and 1100 mA, whereas 48 V and 1500 mA were obtained from a series-parallel connection.

Conclusion: The glass transition temperature (Tg) of electrolyte of the bio-battery at 53°C indicated that at this temperature, all the substances present in the bio-battery were well spread and consistently contributed to the electrolyte activity where Fe-C-nano-particles were able to form strong chemical bonds on the flanking hydroxyl group sites of the collagen leading to reduced mobility of polymers and increased Tg. The results instigate promising trends for commercial exploitation of this composite for bio-battery production.

Keywords: Bioenergy, green energy, material composites, energy storage devices, collagen, carbonferrous nanoparticle.

« Previous
Graphical Abstract
[1]
Pradeep MR, Narasimha G. Effect of leather industry effluents on soil microbial and protease activity. J Environ Biol 2012; 33(1): 39-42.
[PMID: 23033641]
[2]
Mondal N, Saxena V, Singh V. Impact of pollution due to tanneries on groundwater regime. Curr Sci 2005; 88(12)1988-94.www.jstor.org/stable/2411 0631
[3]
Renivaldo S, Deuber A, Flavio C, Eduardo B, Aldo J. Recycling leather waste: preparing and studying on the microstructure, mechanical, and rheological properties of leather waste/rubber composite. Polym Compos 2014; 36(12): 2275-81.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pc.23140]
[4]
Assamoi B, Lawryshyn Y. The environmental comparison of landfilling vs. incineration of MSW accounting for waste diversion. Waste Management 2012; 32(5): 1019-30.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2011.10.023]
[5]
Kannan AM, Renugopalakrishnan V, Filipek S, Li P, Audette GF, Munukutla L. Bio-batteries and bio-fuel cells: leveraging on electronic charge transfer proteins. J Nanosci Nanotechnol 2009; 9(3): 1665-78.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2009.SI03 PMID: 19435024]
[6]
Xie X, Ye M, Hsu PC, Liu N, Criddle CS, Cui Y. Microbial battery for efficient energy recovery. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 2013; 110(40): 15925-30.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1307327110]
[7]
Munkhbayar B. MdJ Nine, Jinseong Jeoun, Munkhjargal Bat-Erdene, Hanshik Chung, Hyomin Jeong. Influence of dry and wet ball milling on dis-persion characteristics of the multi-walled carbon nanotubes in aqueous solution with and without surfactant. Powder Technol 2013; 234: 132-40.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.powtec.2012.09.045]
[8]
Farida B, Kchit N, Catherine B, Francois T, Edu R. A comparative study of dispersion techniques for nanocomposite made with nanoclays and an unsaturated polyester resin. J Nanomater 2011; 2011(1): 6-12.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/406087]
[9]
Cao D, Gong S, Shu X, Zhu D, Liang S. Preparation of ZnO nanoparticles with high dispersibility based on oriented attachment (OA) process. Nanoscale Res Lett 2019; 14(1): 210-6.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s11671-019-3038-3 PMID: 31222635]
[10]
Alles EJ, Heo J, Noimark S, et al. Acoustical characterisation of carbon nanotube-loaded polydimethylsiloxane used for optical ultrasound generation. 2017 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS). Washington, DC. 2017; pp. 1-4.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ULTSYM.2017.8092343]
[11]
Avalos-Belmontes F, Ramos-deValle LF, Ramírez-Vargas E, Sánchez-Valdes S, Méndez-Nonel J, Zitzumbo-Guzmán R. Nucleating effect of carbon nanoparticles and their influence on the thermal and chemical stability of polypropylene. J Nano Mater 2012; 406214: 1-8.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/406214]
[12]
Mdisa KB, Othman L, Zainol NH, et al. Studies on sodium ion conducting gel polymer electrolytes. Key Eng Mater 2014; 594-595: 786-92.
[13]
Oleyaei SA, Zahedi Y, Ghanbarzadeh B, Moayedi AA. Modification of physicochemical and thermal properties of starch films by incorporation of TiO2 nanoparticles. Int J Biol Macromol 2016; 89: 256-64.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2016.04.078 PMID: 27132884]
[14]
Nunes OR, Cordeiro MM, de Oliveira FCS, et al. Passos TM, Quilty B, Thiré RMSM, McGuinness GB FTIR analysis and quantification of phenols and flavonoids of five commercially available plants extracts used in wound healing. Materia 2016; 21(3): 767-79.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-707620160003.0072]
[15]
Tehseen R, Rabia Z, Faiza Z, et al. FTIR analysis of natural and synthetic collagen. Appl Spectrosc Rev 2018; 53: 703-46.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/05704928.2018.1426595]
[16]
Salgado P, Márquez K, Rubilar O. The effect of phenolic compounds on the green synthesis of iron nanoparticles (FexOy-NPs) with photocatalytic activity. Appl Nanosci 2019; 9: 371-85.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13204-018-0931-5]
[17]
Siddiqui UZ, Pathrikar AK. The future of energy bio battery. Int J Res Eng Technol 2013; 2(11): 99-111.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.15623/ijret.2013.0211017]
[18]
Epstein IR, Kustin K, Warshaw LJ. A kinetics study of the oxidation of iron (II) by nitric acid. J Am Chem Soc 1980; 102(11): 3751-8.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ja00531a015]
[19]
León A, Reuquen P, Garín C, et al. FTIR and raman characterization of tio2 nanoparticles coated with polyethylene glycol as carrier for 2-methoxyestradiol. Appl Sci (Basel) 2017; 7(1): 49-58.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/app7010049]
[20]
Munajad Abi, Cahyo Subroto. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy analysis of transformer paper in mineral oil-paper composite insulation under accelerated thermal aging. Energies 2018; 11(2): 1-12.
[21]
Asep N, Rosi O, Risti R. How to read and interpret FTIR spectroscope of organic material. Indonesian J Sci Tech 2019; 4: 97-118.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.17509/ijost.v4i1.15806]
[22]
Stolarczyk K, Łyp D, Żelechowska K, Biernat JF, Rogalski J, Bilewicz R. Arylated carbon nanotubes for biobatteries and biofuel cells. Electrochim Acta 2012; 79: 74-8.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2012.06.050]
[23]
Alireza AY, Roberto P, Ross M, David H, Shelley M, Jie X. Rechargeable membraneless glucose biobattery: towards solid-state cathodes for implantable enzymatic devices. J Power Sources 2017; 343
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2017.01.032]
[24]
Watt Gerald, Jae Woo Kim, Zhang Bo, et al. A protein-based ferritin bio-nanobattery. J Nanotechnol 2012; 2012516309
[25]
Corcione CE, Frigione M. Characterization of nanocomposites by thermal analysis. Materials 2012; 5(12): 2960-80.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ma51229607]
[26]
Gayatri Dewangan KM. Koley, V. P. Vadlamudi, Akhilesh Mishra, Anjana Poddar and S. D. Hirpurkar. Antibacterial activity of Moringa oleifera (drumstick) root bark. J Chem Pharm Res 2010; 2(6): 424-8.
[27]
Sundaramurthy I, Muthukumar T, Katheem MF, Ramamurthy G, Sastry TP. Fabrication of prototype flexible semi conducting thin film with carbon nano particles and carbon nano tubes using fish scale collagen. Int J Innov Res Sci Eng Technol 2014; 3(3): 10379-87.
[28]
Honghong L, Bin G, Feng H, Cheng D, Tang J, John C. Ball-milled carbon nanomaterials for energy and environmental applications. ACS Sustain Chem Eng 2017; 5(11): 9568-85.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acssuschemeng.7b02170]
[29]
Lászlo F, Richard G, Claudio G, et al. Tuning the length dispersion of multi-walled carbon nanotubes by ball milling. AIP Adv 2013; 3(9)092117
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4821802]
[30]
ajidian M, Grimaldi C, Forró L, Magrez A. Role of the particle size polydispersity in the electrical conductivity of carbon nanotube-epoxy composites. Sci Rep 2017; 7(1): 12553.
[31]
Wen-Bin T, Jui-Yang K, Tzong-Ming W, Wen-Tung C. Dispersion of titanium oxide nanoparticles in aqueous solution with anionic stabilizer via ultrasonic wave. J Nanoparticles 2016; 20166539581
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/6539581]
[32]
Li X, Liang J, Zhou J, Luo J, Wang Y, Qi L. Fabrication and characterization of aligned carbon nanotubes cluster reinforced magnesium composite based on ultrasound/magnetic compound field. Procedia Eng 2017; 207: 95-100.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2017.10.744]
[33]
Abdelhanin A, Frédéric H, Isabelle R, et al. Anti-charging process for electron beam observation and lithography. Microelectron Eng 2013; 110: 320-3.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mee.2013.02.036]
[34]
John C. Interpretation of infrared spectra- a practical approach.In: RA Meyers (Ed) Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry 2006; 10815-37.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9780470027318.a5606.]
[35]
Sílvia C, Julio V. Melt blending and characterization of carbon nanoparticles-filled thermoplastic polyurethane elastomers. J Elastomers Plastics 2014; 47(7): 647-65.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0095244314534097.]]
[36]
Gnana SD. Biogenic production of zinc oxide nanoparticles using Acalypha indica. J Chem Biol Phys Sci 2014; 4: 238-46.
[37]
Majdecka D, Draminska S. Stolarczyk,et al. Sand-wich biobattery with enzymatic cathode and zinc anode integrated with sensor. J Electrochem Soc 2015; 162(6): F555-9.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1149/2.0731506jes]

Rights & Permissions Print Export Cite as
© 2022 Bentham Science Publishers | Privacy Policy