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Current Pharmaceutical Design

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1381-6128
ISSN (Online): 1873-4286

Mini-Review Article

Storm at the Time of Corona: A Glimpse at the Current Understanding and Therapeutic Opportunities of the SARS-CoV-2 Cytokine Storm

Author(s): Monireh Torabi-Rahvar and Nima Rezaei*

Volume 27, Issue 13, 2021

Published on: 25 November, 2020

Page: [1549 - 1552] Pages: 4

DOI: 10.2174/1381612826666201125102649

Price: $65

Abstract

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) may lead to severe disease in some cases, leading to acute respiratory distress syndrome, multi-organ failure, and death. This severe phenotype seems to be associated with a cytokine storm and immune dysregulation. Increased pro-inflammatory cytokines and CD14+CD16+ inflammatory monocytes, lymphopenia, and decreased levels of regulatory T cells are some of the immunological features that are seen in patients with SARS-CoV-2. As the outcome of SARS-CoV-2 is influenced by both viral virulence and dysregulated inflammatory response, a combination therapy approach using antiviral drugs plus anti-inflammatory treatments, such as corticosteroids, monoclonal antibodies against the IL-6 and IL-1β pathways, and JAK inhibitors are under clinical trials.

Keywords: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, cytokine storm, proinflammatory cytokines, monoclonal antibodies, inflammatory, IL-1β.

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