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Current Cardiology Reviews

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1573-403X
ISSN (Online): 1875-6557

Review Article

Iatrogenic Right Atrial Thrombus Complicated by Pulmonary Embolism: Management and Outcomes

Author(s): Ayman Battisha*, Bader Madoukh, Khalid Sawalha and Brijesh Patel

Volume 17 , Issue 4 , 2021

Published on: 24 November, 2020

Article ID: e230421188336 Pages: 7

DOI: 10.2174/1573403X16999201124201632

Price: $65

Abstract

Right atrial thrombus can originate from distal venous sources or can be iatrogenic, secondary to the placement of central venous catheters, atrial devices, or surgeries. One of the most common complications of Central Venous Catheters (CVCs) is thromboembolism, which can be either fixed to the right atrium or can be free-floating. Device-related Right Atrial Thrombosis (RAT) can result in catheter occlusion, vascular occlusion, infection, and pulmonary embolism. The true incidence of these complications is unknown because the diagnosis may not be considered in asymptomatic patients, and it might be missed by Transthoracic Echocardiography (TTE). In this literature review, we discuss iatrogenic etiologies of RAT that is complicated by pulmonary embolism. We highlight the importance of maintaining a high index of suspicion of iatrogenic RAT, possible complications, and its management.

Keywords: Central venous catheters, right atrial thrombus, thromboembolism, pulmonary embolism, iatrogenic, transthoracic echocardiography.

Graphical Abstract

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