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Current Biotechnology

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 2211-5501
ISSN (Online): 2211-551X

Review Article (Mini-Review)

Genetic Interactions Effects of Cardiovascular Disorder Using Computational Models: A Review

Author(s): Sridharan Priya* and Radha K. Manavalan

Volume 9 , Issue 3 , 2020

Page: [177 - 191] Pages: 15

DOI: 10.2174/2211550109999201008125800

Price: $65

Abstract

Background: The diseases in the heart and blood vessels such as heart attack, Coronary Artery Disease, Myocardial Infarction (MI), High Blood Pressure, and Obesity, are generally referred to as Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD). The risk factors of CVD include gender, age, cholesterol/ LDL, family history, hypertension, smoking, and genetic and environmental factors. Genome- Wide Association Studies (GWAS) focus on identifying the genetic interactions and genetic architectures of CVD.

Objective: Genetic interactions or Epistasis infer the interactions between two or more genes where one gene masks the traits of another gene and increases the susceptibility of CVD. To identify the Epistasis relationship through biological or laboratory methods needs an enormous workforce and more cost. Hence, this paper presents the review of various statistical and Machine learning approaches so far proposed to detect genetic interaction effects for the identification of various Cardiovascular diseases such as Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), MI, Hypertension, HDL and Lipid phenotypes data, and Body Mass Index dataset.

Conclusion: This study reveals that various computational models identified the candidate genes such as AGT, PAI-1, ACE, PTPN22, MTHR, FAM107B, ZNF107, PON1, PON2, GTF2E1, ADGRB3, and FTO, which play a major role in genetic interactions for the causes of CVDs. The benefits, limitations, and issues of the various computational techniques for the evolution of epistasis responsible for cardiovascular diseases are exhibited.

Keywords: Epistasis, GWAS, genes, cardiovascular diseases, genetic interactions, SNPs.

Graphical Abstract
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