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Current Computer-Aided Drug Design

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1573-4099
ISSN (Online): 1875-6697

Research Article

Design and In-silico Screening of Peptide Nucleic Acid (PNA) Inspired Novel Pronucleotide Scaffolds Targeting COVID-19

Author(s): Bichismita Sahu*, Santosh Kumar Behera, Rudradip Das, Tanay Dalvi, Arnab Chowdhury, Bhaskar Dewangan, Kiran Kalia and Amit Shard*

Volume 18 , Issue 1 , 2022

Published on: 23 September, 2020

Page: [26 - 40] Pages: 15

DOI: 10.2174/1573409916666200923143935

Abstract

Introduction: The outburst of the novel coronavirus COVID-19, at the end of December 2019 has turned into a pandemic, risking many human lives. The causal agent being SARS-CoV-2, a member of the long-known Coronaviridae family, is a positive-sense single-stranded enveloped virus and closely related to SARS-CoV. It has become the need of the hour to understand the pathophysiology of this disease, so that drugs, vaccines, treatment regimens and plausible therapeutic agents can be produced.

Methods: In this regard, recent studies uncovered the fact that the viral genome of SARS-CoV-2 encodes non-structural proteins like RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) which is an important tool for its transcription and replication process. A large number of nucleic acid-based anti-viral drugs are being repurposed for treating COVID-19 targeting RdRp. Few of them are at the advanced stage of clinical trials, including remdesivir. While performing a detailed investigation of the large set of nucleic acid-based drugs, we were surprised to find that the synthetic nucleic acid backbone has been explored very little or rare.

Results: We designed scaffolds derived from peptide nucleic acid (PNA) and subjected them to in- -silico screening systematically. These designed molecules have demonstrated excellent binding towards RdRp. Compound 12 was found to possess a similar binding affinity as remdesivir with comparable pharmacokinetics. However, the in-silico toxicity prediction indicates that compound 12 may be a superior molecule which can be explored further due to its excellent safety-profile with LD50 12,000mg/kg as opposed to remdesivir (LD50 =1000mg/kg).

Conclusion: Compound 12 falls in the safe category of class 6. Synthetic feasibility, equipotent binding and very low toxicity of this peptide nucleic acid-derived compound can make it a leading scaffold to design, synthesize and evaluate many similar compounds for the treatment of COVID-19.

Keywords: Covid-19, RNA dependent-RNA polymerase, pronucleotides, peptide nucleic acid, In-silico screening, remdesivir analogues.

Graphical Abstract

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