Background: The search for novel metallic chemical compounds with toxicogenic effects has been of great importance for more efficient cancer treatment.
Objective: The study evaluated the cytotoxic, genotoxic and mutagenic activity of organoteluran RF07 in the S-180 cell line.
Methods: The bioassays used were cell viability with 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazole)-2,5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) test, evaluation of apoptosis and necrosis using fluorescence and flow cytometry, cytokinesisblock micronucleus test and comet assay. The compound was tested at 1; 2.5 and 5μM.
Results: The results showed the cytotoxicity of RF07 at concentrations of 2.5, 5, 10 and 20μM when compared to the negative control. For genotoxicity tests, RF07 showed effects in all concentrations assessed by increased index and frequencies of damage and mutagenic alterations. The compound was also cytotoxic due to the significant decrease in the nuclear division index, with significant values of apoptosis and necrosis. The results of fluorescence and flow cytometry showed apoptosis as the main type of cell death caused by RF07 at 5μM, which is thought to avoid an aggressive immune response of the organism.
Conclusion: In addition to cytotoxic and genotoxic effects, RF07 creates good perspectives for future antitumor formulations.