Introduction: Pathologists are majorly concerned with detecting the diseases and helping the patients in their healthcare and well-being. The present method used by pathologists for this purpose is manually viewing the slides using a microscope and other instruments. However, this method has a number of limitations such as there is no standard way of diagnosis, there are certain chances of human errors and besides, it burdenizes the laboratory personnel to diagnose a large number of slides on a daily basis.
Method: The slide viewing method is widely used and converted into digital form to produce high resolution images. This enables the area of deep learning and machine learning to get an insight into this field of medical sciences. In the present study, a neural based network has been proposed for classification of blood cells images into various categories. When an input image is passed through the proposed architecture and all the hyper parameters and dropout ratio values are applied in accordance with the proposed algorithm, then the model classifies the blood images with an accuracy of 95.24%.
Result: After training the models on 20 epochs. The plots of training accuracy, testing accuracy and corresponding training loss, and testing loss for the proposed model is plotted using matplotlib and trends.
Discussion: The performance of the proposed model is better than the existing standard architectures and other works done by various researchers. Thus, the proposed model enables the development of pathological system which will reduce human errors and daily load on laboratory personnel. . This can also in turn help the pathologists in carrying out their work more efficiently and effectively.
Conclusion: In the present study, a neural based network has been proposed for classification of blood cells images into various categories. These categories have significance in the medical sciences. When input image is passed through the proposed architecture and all the hyper parameters and dropout ratio values are used in accordance with the proposed algorithm, then the model classifies the images with an accuracy of 95.24%. This accuracy is better than the standard architectures. Further, it can be seen that the proposed neural network performs better than the present related works carried out by various researchers.