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Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1389-2010
ISSN (Online): 1873-4316

Mini-Review Article

Recent Advances in the Scaffold Engineering of Protein Binders

Author(s): Mohammad K.B. Ahmadi, Seyed A. Mohammadi, Manoochehr Makvandi, Morteza Mamouei, Mohammad Rahmati*, Hesam Dehghani and David W. Wood

Volume 22, Issue 7, 2021

Published on: 24 August, 2020

Page: [878 - 891] Pages: 14

DOI: 10.2174/1389201021999200824101035

Price: $65

Abstract

In recent years, extensive attention has been given to the generation of new classes of ligand- specific binding proteins to supplement monoclonal antibodies. A combination of protein engineering and display technologies has been used to manipulate non-human antibodies for humanization and stabilization purposes or even the generation of new binding proteins. Engineered protein scaffolds can now be directed against therapeutic targets to treat cancer and immunological disorders. Although very few of these scaffolds have successfully passed clinical trials, their remarkable properties such as robust folding, high solubility, and small size motivate their employment as a tool for biology and applied science studies. Here, we have focused on the generation of new non-Ig binding proteins and single domain antibody manipulation, with a glimpse of their applications.

Keywords: Antibody, non-immunoglobulin, scaffold, protein binders, protein engineering, phage display.

Graphical Abstract
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