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Current Pharmaceutical Design

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1381-6128
ISSN (Online): 1873-4286

Review Article

Theoretical and Spectroscopic Characterization of API-Related Azoles in Solution and in Solid State

Author(s): Marta Marín-Luna*, Rosa M. Claramunt, José Elguero and Ibon Alkorta

Volume 26 , Issue 38 , 2020

Page: [4847 - 4857] Pages: 11

DOI: 10.2174/1381612826666200818212846

Price: $65

Abstract

Azoles are a family of five-membered azacyclic compounds with relevant biological and pharmacological activity. Different subclasses of azoles are defined depending on the atomic arrangement and the number of nitrogen atoms present in the ring: pyrazoles, indazoles, imidazoles, benzimidazoles, triazoles, benzotriazoles, tetrazoles and pentazoles. The complete characterization of their structure and the knowledge about their crystal packing and physical and chemical properties are of vital importance for the advancement in the design of new azole-containing drugs. In this review, we report the latest recent contributions to azole chemistry, in particular, those in which theoretical studies have been performed.

Keywords: Diazoles, triazoles, tetrazoles, benzazoles, API, GIAO, GIPAW.

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